If your child is in the California juvenile justice system, you may be like many other parents who feel their children's situations are getting worse instead of better. While the purpose of juvenile justice is to save children from a life of crime and redirect them to a more positive future, the system often sets up children for failure, and some youth advocates believe the system itself is flawed.
Among the constitutional rights of California residents are the Fifth Amendment right to protection against self-incrimination and the Sixth Amendment right to counsel in criminal proceedings. Police officers are required to make people aware of these rights prior to custodial interrogation. The admonitions typically given are known as Miranda rights.
Californians who are charged with crimes have the right to have speedy trials. This right is guaranteed under the Sixth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, but it may be applied differently depending on the circumstances of a case as well as the reasons for any delays.
When you're a parent, you've inevitably heard the phrase "little kids, little problems; big kids, big problems." But you probably don't truly understand its meaning until you receive a phone call telling you that your child has been arrested.
California residents are likely aware that several high-profile whistleblowers have come forward to expose massive surveillance programs operated by federal agencies such as the National Security Agency, but they may not know that about a technique being used by government agents known as law enforcement hacking. The Fourth Amendment protects Americans against unreasonable searches and seizures, and civil rights advocates claim that law enforcement hacking violates these rights by allowing federal agents to monitor the online activities of thousands of U.S. citizens after obtaining just one search warrant.
In the state of California, there will be a host new laws that will become effective on Jan. 1, 2017. Many of them are a result of the 898 pieces of legislation that was signed by the governor in 2016.
California residents who are accused of committing crimes have the right to a fair trial under the Sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution. The Sixth Amendment also states that all criminal defendants have the right to be represented by an attorney. Attorneys are expected to advocate vigorously on behalf of their clients, and a guilty verdict may be challenged if the performance of the attorney involved may not have met the adequate representation standard.
According to allegations, a Florida congresswoman, her chief of staff and the president of the charity One Door for Education Foundation used more than $800,000 raised for the charity as a slush fund. The money was supposed to be used for scholarships and other educational benefits, but instead, the three allegedly spent the money on conferences, luxury boxes for an NFL game and other items. Reportedly, only $1,200 in scholarships was given away.
If an individual is charged with a sex crime, he or she has three options to dispute the case. The first option may be to argue that a crime did not occur because the victim was not forced to commit or engage in sexual activity. An individual may also claim that he or she was not aware that a crime was being committed because of insanity or mental defect.
In California criminal cases, one of the elements the prosecution is generally required to prove beyond a reasonable doubt is the defendant's mens rea. This is a Latin term for "guilty mind." While a careless action may have resulted in harm to a person, carelessness generally falls under the civil law rather than under the criminal law.